Migrants from all across the world will come to Canada using different immigration methods in the new decade. We can expect many updates in the immigration policies that would help the migrants to land in Canada in 2020.
Let’s take a look at the expected updates that could happen in 2020, which would help the immigration enthusiasts to migrate to Canada more easily.
Marco Mendicino, the new Canada Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship should be submitting the Annual Report on immigration- 2019 to parliament by March. This report should have been released by November 1st each year but was delayed due to Federal Elections held on October 21st.
The release of this report is very crucial. This is because this report gives us the path that the government is going to follow in the immigration sector. It could let us know about the 2020-2022 immigration plan of Canada. We know that the Canadian government’s target for immigration in 2020 is bringing 341,000 newcomers and in 2021, it is bringing 350,000 newcomers into Canada. As per the Mandate letter issued by Minister Mendicino, we can expect that the target of 2022 would be only slightly larger (i.e. approximately 360,000 newcomers).
The process of balancing the demand and supply for the Parents and Grandparents visas is a very tough one in the previous years. This is because, Federal government issues approximately 21,000 visas under the PGP program, but their demand is higher. It is expected that the government will find ways to meet the demand to a better extent than the previous years. We can expect that the federal government will release its policy regarding Parents and Grandparents visas by April 2020.
The government of Canada is strengthening the Provincial Nominee Program to attract immigrants to settle in entire Canada and not just in the big cities. The process is known as “Regionalization”.
Canada likes to get 67,800 immigrants under the Provincial Nominee Program (immigrants include primary, spouse and dependent applicants) to Canada in the 2019-2021 Immigration Level Plan. This means in the next year, there would be an increase of 11 % from 2019.
The regionalization process enables immigrants to settle in smaller cities and rural regions. Nearly 80% of the immigrants tend to settle in the largest cities of their nominated province leaving the small towns and rural areas to face economic shortages.
The government is thus trying to make the immigrants settle in all places by promoting regional streams in the PNP. One example of such a program is the Ontario province, which got three of its communities to participate in the Regional Immigration Pilot.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot was launched in 2017 and had enabled four provinces of Newfoundland & Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick to get around 4000 immigrants more. The Atlantic Immigration Pilot is most likely going to be a permanent program in the PNP, according to the Mandate letter, issued by Minister Mendicino.
The federal government, in 2019, started the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot (RNIP). This program will start its functioning in 2020. The 11 communities will recruit immigrants through the pilot program.
There is also a proposal for a new Municipal Nominee Program in the Mandate of the minister. Full details of this project are not yet released, but this program is expected to operate in a manner, similar to the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot. In this program, the municipalities will rope in the newcomers, based on the needs in their economy and markets.
There is also a proposal in the Mandate that the government would promote another pilot program to recruit more immigrants to the rural areas of Canada.
With these programs, the government of Canada would be allotting 50% of the selection and recruitment powers to the provinces and communities all across the country. This progress allows the regional communities to fill their required positions more efficiently. This will also ensure that the services of the immigrants are utilized by all areas uniformly.
Before the launch of the Provincial Nominee Program in 1998, 90% of the economic class immigrants, who migrate to Canada, are selected only by the Federal Government. The remaining 10% of immigrants were selected by Quebec provincial program.
There is an argument saying that the current citizenship fee of $630 per adult is high for families and individuals, belonging to the low-income group. Hence there is a mention in the Mendicino’s Mandate Letter that the citizenship fee will be waived off in the coming years. Due to the speculation regarding waiving off the fees, we could expect that the citizenship permissions would decrease in the coming years. They could again start rocketing up once the decision is made public. The increase in the citizenship rates could go as high as 40% by 2024 as per the present estimation.
2021 is going to be an action-packed year for immigration in Canada.
We can estimate Quebec to continue to improve its programs in immigration. For example, Quebec made major changes in its Quebec Experience Program and Quebec Immigrant Investor Program in the second half of 2019. These additional programs, when combined with PNP developments, could make a huge impact on Canadian Immigration.
Apart from the changes that the Canadian government is making, we should also be alert about the immigration policy developments that are happening outside Canada.
The conservative British government may launch a new point’s based system to welcome economic class immigrants to Britain, once the country finalizes the Brexit agreement with the European Union. This points-based system could competes with the Canadian points-based system in attracting applicants.
The 2020 Presidential elections of the United States of America can also impact Canada in many ways.
Canada may modernize the Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA) with the United States in order to manage asylum claims. Canada is looking forward to this because, since 2017, around 50,000 people have crossed the Canadian border and entered the country to claim asylum, which was not covered under the agreement. But Canada possibly has to wait until the completion of elections, to get on with the modernization.
The declaration of the majority of either the Republic or Democratic Party in White House, Senate and House of Representatives may lead the US into the implementation of reforms such as the increase in economic class pathways, which would give the Canadian immigration, some serious competition. President Trump always said that he wants the US to have a Canada-like immigration policy to welcome economic class immigrants. He could not bring reforms in that direction since his government did not have sufficient support in the congress.
However, immigration policies can get altered because of the international reasons that Canada could not control. Issues regarding the Atlantic Ocean and South of the border would also cause an impact on Canada not only in 2021 but also even after that.