Canada’s three-year immigration levels plan is showing tremendous growth for Canada. The year 2018 has issued 89,800 Invitations to Apply (ITAs). This is an all-time record set by the Express Entry System since 2015. Additionally, the first quarter of 2019 has also surpassed the history of 2018’s first quarter.
The first quarter of 2018 has issued 17,500 invitations; in 2019 the number increased with 3,700. This is a sign that 2019 is going to be more significant as set by the immigration levels plan.
According to the plan, it is set that the admission targets for 2019 and 2020 will exceed the total number of 2018’s invitations.
Express Entry Draws are frequently conducted by the Canada government to invite eligible candidates for Canadian Permanent Residence.
In 2017, the federal government issued nearly 86,023 invitations in the year. For the next year, it has issued 89,800 ITAs. There was an increase of 3,777 invitations. Hence, it is expected for 2019 to be bigger.
For the six Express Entry draws which have been conducted till now in 2019, the draw sizes remained 3,350 for four and 3,900 for first two.
The decrease of CRS cut-off since 2017:
During 2019’s first quarter, the minimum CRS score dropped to 438. This is the lowest cut-off score for all programs since the final quarter draw held in 2017. The CRS score “434” in 2017 is the second lowest minimum CRS score for the first quarter of the year. However, the year 2017 also records the lowest CRS score which is ever filed. This was the draw held on 31st May 2017 with CRS score dropped to 413.
The first quarter for the minimum requirement for the CRS score dropped at two points. This was due to the influence of the time gap between the draws.
It is observed that less time gap between the draws results in less profile submission to Express Entry System. This is allowing high-CRS score candidates to enter into the pool and affecting the candidates with a low-CRS score at the period of Express Entry draws.
On January 10th and February 20th, the time between the gaps was more than 20 days. This has resulted in the draws to have a high CRS score. Whereas, the recent two draws which have occurred in two-week interval decreased the CRS score.
There is even another factor affecting the CRS score – Draw Size
During the previous four Express Entry draws, 3,350 was the total draw size. This was a 550 decreased from the larger draw sizes, i.e., from 3,900 draw size. 3,900 was the draw size for the first two draws conducted in 2019’s first quarter.
There are chances of increase in 2019’s draw sizes in the future, as the IRCC is responsible for reaching the admission targets for 2019.
Express Entry and Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
During the first quarter of the year, many provinces such as Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan have used the Provincial Nominee Programs to select candidates through Express Entry streams.
A nomination from any of the province results in a candidate to receive an extra score of 600 towards their CRS score. This helps a candidate to receive an ITA.
In a similar way to Federal High Skilled Admission targets, the PNP is also aiming to increase its target for this year to 61,000. By the end of 2021, the PNP is targeting nearly 71,300 admissions.
During the first quarter of 2019, Human Capital Priorities (HCP) Stream of Ontario issued the largest draw with 1,493 Notifications of Interest. It has a CRS score between 439 and 448.
The Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP) has made two draws in the first quarter through its Nova Scotia Labour Market Priorities Stream. Other provinces namely Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Prince Edward Island have announced their draws publicly to their aligned Express Entry streams. The SINP has made three Express Entry draws with 515 invitations for Express Entry candidates who got registered under the province’s unique EOI pool.
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