According to the columns of CICnews.com, the percentage of temporary foreign workers staying back in Canada and obtaining permanent residency status has relatively gone higher. This has been found in a new report entitled “Just how temporary are temporary foreign workers” by Statistics Canada, says CICnews. It is also mentioned that the report highlights the date for four cohorts of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) aged 18 to 64 who received a work permit between 1990 and 2009. Together, the cohorts represented more than 1.3 million work permit holders.
The study also found that while majority of temporary workers left Canada within two years of obtaining their work permit, the tendency of longer stay of temporary workers in the recent arrivals has raised. There is also a conclusion that the duration of stays remains strictly regulated.
“The duration and type of stay of TFWs in Canada are strongly restricted by the regulations governing their work permit terms,” features a statement in the repot.
Easy pathway for Permanent Residency are helping temporary workers
Many pathways for permanent residency have increased scope for temporary workers to obtain their permanent residency status. Also a fact in the study says that “Canada’s immigration selection system rewards candidates for human capital assets such as education, Canadian work experience and official language abilities.”
To this end, certain work experience gained as a TFW in Canada can be counted toward a candidate’s eligibility under the Canadian Experience Class as well as towards their federal Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System score. Such work experience is also favored by a number of Provincial Nominee Programs, which allow Canada’s provinces and territories to nominate a set quota of immigrants each year.
Among TFWP streams, Live-in Caregiver Program participants have been able to apply for permanent residence after two years of full-time work in Canada, but the same option is not available for seasonal agricultural workers, who must leave the country after eight months. While the majority of LCP participants became permanent residents by their fifth year in Canada, only two per cent of SAWP participants had done so by their tenth year in Canada.
The study notes that the primary pathways to permanent residence for low-skilled workers are through provincial or territorial nomination programs, or PNPs, that respond to local labor needs.
Also the country of origin was considered to determine how long a temporary work would stay in Canada. It was found that candidates with “lower levels of economic development and social stability” preferred to stay back longer in Canada as temporary residents or becoming permanent residents than those from more prosperous, stable countries.
“The study found that by the fifth year after their first work permit, 42.8 per cent of TFWs from countries with low Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita acquired permanent residence. By contrast, only 7.4 per cent of TFWs from countries with a high GDP per capita transitioned to permanent residence in Canada. Social stability also played a role in length of stay, with 37.9 per cent of TFWs from countries with low social stability gaining permanent resident status by their fifth year in Canada.
However, the study concluded that many source country differences were explained by the fact citizens of less developed and less stable countries were the main recipients of TFWs in the Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP), Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SIWP), and the Low-Skill Pilot (LSP).
“TFWs in all these programs had a high tendency to stay longer or come back after leaving for a few months,” the study says.
Individual characteristics, regional socio-economic conditions were found to have a “relatively weak” association with length of stay. That said, TFWs who arrived “at the prime working age (25 to 44)” had a higher tendency to stay as temporary or permanent residents than those on the younger or older end of the age spectrum.
The study found the share of TFWs who transitioned to permanent residence was highest between the second and fifth year after obtaining their first work permit.